Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to COVID-19

LAST UPDATED ON 03/15/2021

As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Ohio Hospital for Psychiatry to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, there are certain restrictions in place regarding on-site visitation at Ohio Hospital for Psychiatry.

  • These restrictions have been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • Options for telehealth visitation are continuously evaluated so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff receives ongoing infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance is provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit

Schizoaffective Disorder Symptoms, Signs & Effects

Ohio Hospital for Psychiatry offers effective, comprehensive treatment for individuals struggling with schizoaffective disorder. Learn more about the signs and symptoms of schizoaffective disorder.

What is Schizoaffective Disorder

Learn More About Schizoaffective Disorder

Schizoaffective disorder is a very serious mental illness that presents itself with features that can resemble both schizophrenia and another mood disorder. People with schizoaffective disorder will experience things such delusions and hallucinations, which are typical symptoms of schizophrenia, along with significant mood disturbances like depression and mania. The National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) states that schizoaffective disorder is predominantly thought to lie between a diagnosis of bipolar disorder and a diagnosis of schizophrenia, as it presents with symptoms of both. Schizoaffective disorder is under consistent debate within the psychiatric community due to the fact that it consists of such a wide array of symptoms. It is not as well defined or as well understood as other mental illnesses.  It is also thought to be misdiagnosed in many circumstances. However, NAMI reports that most experts in the field identify schizoaffective disorder as being a type of chronic mental illness that has psychotic symptoms at the core, with manic and depressive symptoms that present as a secondary component. While they are considered secondary, the manic and depressive symptoms are considered to be just as debilitating as the psychotic symptoms.  There is hope for those suffering from Schizoaffective Disorder with proper treatment. 


Statistics of Schizoaffective Disorder

It is believed that schizoaffective disorder is approximately one-third as common as schizophrenia, leaving it with a lifetime prevalence of 0.3%. The disorder is said to be more prevalent in women than it is in men, as two-thirds of people diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder are women.

Causes and Risk Factors

Causes and Risk Factors for Schizoaffective Disorder

As is true for the majority of mental disorders, there is not one single identifiable cause that leads to the onset of schizoaffective disorder. Instead, a combination of factors are believed to work in combination with one another to ultimately lead to the development of the disorder.

Genetic: Like most mental disorders, schizoaffective disorder is believed to have a genetic component present in its development. A person who has a first degree relative (such as a biological parent or sibling) who is suffering from schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder, or schizophrenia is more likely to develop the illness than someone who does not have a family history of any of the aforementioned illnesses.

Physical: People suffering from schizoaffective disorder have been noted as having smaller brain volumes in comparison to a typical brain. Neuroimaging studies have also shown that there are structural differences in the brain composition itself in people who have schizoaffective disorder. It has also been reported that people who have brain developmental delays may run the risk of developing the disorder as well.

Environmental: Scientists believe that when a fetus is exposed to toxins or viral illnesses while in the womb, they become more susceptible to developing schizoaffective disorder. Some scientists also believe that birth complications can add to one’s susceptibility of developing the illness. Other environmental factors, such as being the victim of chronic abuse and neglect, may also play a role in the onset of the disorder due to the emotional turmoil that such situations inflict on a person. Risk Factors:

  • Family history of mental illness (especially when having first-degree relatives who have schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder, or schizophrenia)
  • The presence of other mental health disorders
  • Substance abuse
  • Having been the victim of abuse and/or neglect
  • Developmental delays
  • Prenatal exposure to certain toxins or illnesses (including drugs and alcohol)
Signs and Symptoms

Signs and Symptoms of Schizoaffective Disorder

Due to the fact that schizoaffective disorder is so widely misunderstood, the ways in which it has been recognized as presenting itself are also somewhat misunderstood. The common belief, however, is that the symptoms of schizoaffective disorder will somewhat mimic the symptoms that are present in both bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. The way in which these symptoms actually present in individuals will vary greatly from person to person depending on his or her genetic makeup, personality traits, history of substance abuse, and the presence of any other co-occurring disorders. The presentation of these symptoms will also rely heavily on whether or not the person suffering from the disorder is in a depressive state, a manic state, or a mixed state. The most common symptoms that have been linked to the diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder include: Behavioral symptoms:

  • Disorganized speech or the absence of speech entirely
  • Disorganized behaviors
  • Catatonic behaviors
  • Impaired social functioning
  • Impaired occupational functioning
  • Alternating between slow and rapid movements
  • Social isolation
  • Self-harm
  • Attempting suicide

Physical symptoms:

  • Changes in physical appearance (i.e. no longer caring how one looks)
  • Poor personal hygiene
  • Changes in sleep and/or eating patterns
  • Significant weight gain or weight loss
  • Lacking emotional expression

Cognitive symptoms:

  • Hallucinations
  • Delusions
  • Memory impairments
  • Racing thoughts
  • Difficulty paying attention
  • Difficulty planning
  • Disorganized thinking

Psychosocial symptoms:

  • Major episodes of depression
  • Major episodes of mania
  • Extreme paranoia
  • Poor motivation
  • Anxiety
  • Grandiose self-esteem or poor self-esteem
  • Suicidal ideation

Effects of Schizoaffective Disorder

When schizoaffective disorder goes untreated, or is misdiagnosed which leads to improper treatment, the long-term effects of the illness can be detrimental. Some examples of these effects can include, but are not limited to:

  • Self-harming behaviors
  • Substance abuse
  • Unemployment
  • Financial instability
  • Loss of significant relationships
  • Family discord
  • Significant health problems
  • Suicidal ideation and/or behaviors
  • Early death
Co-Occurring Disorders

Co-Occurring Disorders of Schizoaffective

People suffering from schizoaffective disorder have the potential to be suffering from another mental illness as well. The three disorders that are most frequently diagnosed along with schizoaffective disorder include:

  • Substance abuse disorders
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

I had no idea what to do when my son felt like he was losing control due to his schizoaffective disorder. Fortunately, the staff at Ohio Hospital for Psychiatry was able to help him get his symptoms under control, and now our family feels more hopeful. I am grateful to OHP for giving us some peace of mind.

– Crystal D.
Marks of Quality Care
Why does this matter?
  • Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)
  • The Joint Commission (JCAHO) Gold Seal of Approval
  • The Jason Foundation