Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to COVID-19
As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Ohio Hospital for Psychiatry to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, on-site visitation is no longer allowed at Ohio Hospital for Psychiatry.

  • This restriction has been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • We are offering visitation through telehealth services so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services are being vetted and may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff has received infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance has been provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are being monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.
  • We are in communication with our local health department to receive important community-specific updates.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit

Dementia Symptoms, Signs & Effects

Ohio Hospital for Psychiatry offers effective, comprehensive treatment for individuals struggling with dementia. Learn more about the signs and symptoms of dementia.

What is Dementia

Learn More About Dementia

Dementia is a term used to describe a group of disorders that lead to a progressive decline in mental functioning including memory loss, deterioration in cognitive skills, and a gradual loss of reasoning abilities. The loss of brain functioning can become so severe that it can impact a person’s ability to function in day-to-day life. Once considered a normal part of aging, it’s now understood that dementia is not a normal part of the aging process. Symptoms of dementia are caused due to damage to areas of the brain responsible for decision-making, learning, communication, and memory. This damage may be the result of infections, diseases, or other conditions. Dementia consists of a group of over 50 known disorders, some of which may be treatable, which is why early detection and treatment is necessary. In addition, early detection is important as it allows those with dementia and their loved ones to make decisions regarding the future and plan for long-term care down the road.


Statistics of Dementia

The number of individuals diagnosed with dementia is on the rise. It’s estimated that worldwide, approximately 36 million people are living with dementia, a number that’s expected to double by 2030 and triple by 2050. Currently, one in every three older adults will die from dementia and Alzheimer’s disease is currently the 6th leading cause for death in the United States.

Causes and Risk Factors

Causes and Risk Factors for Dementia

Dementia is caused by damage to the neurons in the brain. Symptoms will depend upon the area of the brain affected and therefore affect each person differently. The most commonly noted causes for dementia include:

Progressive Dementiasare those that begin slowly and worsen over several years, caused by conditions that affect the neurons in the brain and lead to slow loss of function of these cells.

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia in those age 65 and older. Alzheimer’s is thought to be caused by progressive damage to the brain caused by tangles and plaques that cause a predictable pattern of destruction and subsequent decline in cognitive abilities.

Vascular dementia is the second most common form of dementia. It is caused by damage to various areas of the brain caused by a reduction or loss of blood flow to the brain, often caused by strokes.

Lewy body dementia is caused by the presence of Lewy bodies; abnormal clumps of protein found in neurons that leads to cognitive decline, most notably in executive functioning.

Frontotemporal dementia is caused by the degeneration of neurons in the frontal and temporal areas of the brain. Most commonly, frontotemporal dementia is seen in younger people.

Disorders Linked to Dementia

Other Disorders Linked to Dementia

HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder is caused by the destruction of brain matter caused by the HIV/AIDS virus leading to disabling cognitive impairment and motor dysfunction.

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is a rare, incurable neurodegenerative disease caused by exposure to diseased brain matter or through familial inheritance. Prions, or misfolded proteins, replicate by conversion of their properly -formed counterparts leads to rapidly developing holes in brain tissue.

Huntington’s disease is a fatal, genetic disease that leads to gradual wasting of the nerve cells located in the brain and spinal cord. Huntington’s disease tends to have an onset between the ages of 30 and 40.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is single or repeated trauma to the head that can lead to brain injury; if the brain injury occurs in specific areas of the brain, TBI can lead to dementia.

Dementia Types & Treatment

Potentially Reversible Dementias

Brain tumors rarely lead to dementia, however depending upon the area of the brain affected, they may lead to dementia.

Anoxia, or inadequate oxygen supply to the brain can lead to hypoxia, which can impact concentration and memory.

Infections can lead to dementia or may be part of the body’s immune response to infections like encephalitis or meningitis.

Medication in some instances can potential cause some individuals to experience symptoms of dementia. Symptoms of dementia dissipate when the medication is stopped.

Normal-pressure hydrocephalus leads to collection of excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles of the brain which can cause problems with memory (among other symptoms). The surgical placement of a shunt can drain the excess CSF and restore memory functioning.

Metabolic problems, nutritional deficiencies, and endocrine anomalies can lead to symptoms of dementia that may be reversible with medication therapies. These may include thyroid deficiencies, hypoglycemia, dehydration, thiamine deficiency, or improper levels of calcium or sodium in the blood.

Subdural hematoma, or a bleed between the surface of the brain and the dura mater can lead to dementia-like symptoms. When the swelling and bleeding has been reduced, symptoms of dementia tend to disappear

Signs and Symptoms

Signs and Symptoms of Dementia

Since there are many different types of dementia, the signs and symptoms will vary from person to person depending upon the type of dementia they have and at what stage of the disease they are in. The most common symptoms of dementia include:

Behavioral symptoms:

  • Loss of interest in once-enjoyed activities
  • Getting lost in familiar areas
  • Aggression
  • Decreased ability to communicate
  • Misplacing personal items
  • Inappropriate behaviors
  • Irritability
  • Loss of social skills
  • Behavioral changes

Physical symptoms:

  • Deterioration of physical appearance
  • Decreased personal hygiene
  • Inability to perform day to day tasks
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Increased risk for infections
  • Change in sleep patterns
  • Change in eating patterns
  • Weight loss

Cognitive symptoms:

  • Loss of memory
  • Decreased ability to form new short-term memories
  • Trouble finding the right words
  • Disorientation
  • Difficulties recognizing people
  • Changes in reasoning abilities
  • Trouble exercising good judgment
  • Challenges completing complex tasks
  • Difficulties recalling events

Psychosocial symptoms:

  • Changes in personality
  • Agitation
  • Hallucinations
  • Paranoia
  • Psychosis
  • Increased anxiety
  • Depression
  • Mood swings

Effects of Dementia

Dementia is a progressive, untreatable disease and overtime it can affect the functioning of many of the systems in the body causing an individual to have difficulty carrying out daily tasks. Some of the most common complications of dementia include:

  • Inadequate nutrition
  • Forgetting to eat or drink
  • Loss of control to chew or swallow food
  • Reduced hygiene
  • Difficulty taking medication
  • Deterioration of mental health
  • Aggression
  • Depression
  • Hard time communicating
  • Sleep difficulties
  • Delusions and hallucinations
  • Increased risk of falling, getting lost, or getting around obstacles
Co-Occurring Disorders

Co-Occurring Disorders of Dementia

Many people who are diagnosed with dementia struggle with another mental health disorder. Some of the most common co-occurring disorders include:

  • Substance abuse or addiction
  • Depressive disorders
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Aggression
  • Psychosis

The staff at Ohio Hospital for Psychiatry was able to help treat my grandma's dementia. Thanks to their help, we are now well-equipped in providing her the best care possible.

– Molly G.
Marks of Quality Care
Why does this matter?
  • Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)
  • The Joint Commission (JCAHO) Gold Seal of Approval
  • The Jason Foundation